Paul Taylor comments on the Star of Bethlehem
One of the enduring symbols used by Christians at Christmastime is that of the so-called Star of Bethlehem. What was it? How could such a star appear in the sky? Was it a genuine event, or part of an obscure mythology?
In order to understand the Star of Bethlehem, we need to shatter a few illusions, perpetrated by those who have only read the Bible superficially-including many church leaders down the ages. We read about the star in Matthew's Gospel. We read that it guided the Wise Men eventually to Jesus. But much of our traditional opinion about the star is incorrect. For starters, the traditional Nativity scene of three Wise Men standing behind a group of shepherds around a manger is not in the Bible. The shepherds did indeed attend soon after the birth of Jesus. But the Wise Men were later.
And when they had come into the house, they saw the young Child with Mary His mother, and fell down and worshiped Him. (Matthew 2:11)
Notice that Jesus' family were no longer outside the famous inn. They are living in a house. Not only that, but the word for "baby" is not used-instead, Jesus is a child. In order to attempt to destroy Jesus, King Herod ordered that all children aged two or under should be killed. This suggests that Jesus was about two years old at the time. Herod would have worked this out, because the Wise Men had told him when the star had appeared. Therefore, the star must have appeared when Jesus was born. It stands to reason that, if the Wise Men had travelled from the East, they would have taken quite a time for their journey-about two years, in fact.
Another unbiblical myth that we need to dispel is the number of Wise Men. Traditionally, we speak of three Wise Men, but the Bible doesn't say how many there were. Since the term is plural, there must have been at least two, but there could have been more.
Why did they come? The Greek term translated Wise Men is magoi, and is
from the same root as our word magician. They were astrologers. Yet
the Bible condemns astrology. So why were these astrologers looking
out for a star? Many commentators have suggested that these
astrologers were really more like astronomers. The home of astrology
was Babylon, and it is from this place that the Wise Men probably
came. Although pagan astrology is forbidden, we note that Daniel had
the Babylonian astrologers saved, by his ability to interpret the
king's dream. Perhaps some of these astrologers ceased venerating the
stars, and studied them instead. They clearly had heard from someone
that there was to be a Messiah out of Israel. Daniel would have been
the most likely source of this knowledge. However, their knowledge was
limited. They did not know to expect the Messiah from Bethlehem-the
birthplace of the Messiah was prophesied in Micah 5:2.
But you, Bethlehem Ephrathah, though you are little among the thousands of Judah, yet out of you shall come forth to Me the One to be Ruler in Israel, whose goings forth are from of old, from everlasting.
This prophecy would have been unknown to them, if they were from Babylon.
So why were they expecting a star? This is likely to be because of a much earlier Babylonian astrologer, called Balaam. Balaam was hired by the nations around the people of Israel, as they were camped in the desert, before entering the Promised Land. He was hired to curse the Israelites, but every time he opened his mouth, God made him bless the Israelites instead. He tried-and failed-to curse the Israelites four times. In his fourth "oracle", God forced him to say this:
I see Him, but not now; I behold Him, but not near; A Star shall come out of Jacob; A Sceptre shall rise out of Israel. (Numbers 24:17)
The sceptre is a sign of authority, appropriate to the Messiah. But the word translated Star has the same root as the word translated as the "Glory" of God-for example, in the wilderness, the children of Israel were led across the desert by a burning cloud at night-the Shekinah Glory of God. The account in Matthew's Gospel suggests that this is no ordinary star. After all, this was a star that led the Wise Men to Israel, then led them from Jerusalem to Bethlehem and finally stood over the house where Jesus was. This strange non-stellar behaviour becomes more understandable if we realise that it was probably something similar to the burning cloud of the desert wanderings, rather than a ball of fusioning hydrogen out in the universe.
There is much to surprise us in studying this "Christmas Star". While we may not understand exactly what the star was, the Wise Men understood what it meant.
When they had come into the house, they saw the young Child with Mary His mother, and fell down and worshiped Him. (Matthew 2:11)
These mysterious astrologers knew that this star was leading them towards the One, whom they had to worship. As we ponder the reality of the Star of Bethlehem, worship of Jesus the Messiah should also be our purpose.The opinions expressed in this article are not necessarily those held by Cross Rhythms. Any expressed views were accurate at the time of publishing but may or may not reflect the views of the individuals concerned at a later date.
In January 2005, he published his first book, Just Six Days, in which he arranged contemporary creationist thinking into biblical order as a commentary of Genesis chapters 1 to 11.
Paul joined the staff of AiG-UK in August 2005. He is a regular contributor to the AiG website and is in demand as an itinerant speaker and media commentator, as well as writing numerous articles, many of which are published in various Christian magazines.
View all articles by Paul Taylor